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Bear Surfboarding History

Bear Surfboarding History

This is the first of three parts concerning the past and present of surfing: from its origins to the latest happenings, the articles will explore the art of riding waves from an historical point of view.

Surfing is a way of living, not only a sport: it has created cultural beliefs and changed lifestyles for good. But, when has all of this started?

The origins of surfing

Although there is no actual written record about the first surfers, historians agree that they must have lived on the Pacific coast. Peruvians claim their primate, stating that the first surfers were indeed Peruvian anglers, who used wooden boards during their expeditions in search of fishes.
Nobody knows when the first stand-ups precisely happened. Nevertheless, it is known that the wealthy people of the Sandwich Islands, the “ali’i”, were keen on the sport of “he’enalu”, meaning “wave sliding” in old Hawaiian: “he’e” stands for a solid-liquid transformation and “nalu” refers to the wave movement. The ruling system in Hawaii was the Kapu and it held royalty above the common people: they used to surf in competitions, in order to show their strength and their superiority to the commoners.

The Kapu also determined the size and materials of the boards:

  • The paipo, or kioe: a short board, usually used by children
  • The alai or omo: intended for commoners and made with a heavy wood, koa.
  • The kiko’o: larger than the omo but not as big as the olo.
  • The olo: the longest board, made from the wiliwili tree and reserved to the ali’i. It could weight up to 175 pounds.

Before cutting the tree, the craftsmen placed a fish, kumu, in a hole near the tree, as an offering to the gods.
After they had chosen the wood, the artisans shaped it with a bone or a stone adze.
When they had achieved the shape they wanted, they used to apply a kukui oil to make the surface glossier.

Surfing first records: Captain Cook’s journals

The first actual written records date back to the 18th century. James Cook was the Royal Navy captain and he had already travelled three times around the Hawaiian chain, in the fruitless search of a passage from the Pacific to the Atlantic. Tired and frustrated, in 1778, he decided to make his ships, Discovery and Resolutions, stop at the Big Islands of Hawai’i. Unlucky, that was not a very fortunate decision: at Kealakekua bay, Captain Cook was killed by Hawaiians when he attempted to kidnap their high chief in return of one of his stolen boats.
Captain Cook had begun taking notes about the Hawaiian cultural believes in his journal: it was lieutenant James King who revised and completed them.

The following paragraph is an extract taken from one of Cook’s journal entries.

The Western eye, unused to the Hawaiian sport, is skeptical, amused and quizzical:
“The surf, which breaks on the coast round the bay, extends to the distance of about one hundred fifty yards from the shore, within which space, the surges of the sea, accumulating from the shallowness of the water, are dashed against the beach with prodigious violence. Whenever, from stormy weather, or any extraordinary swell at sea, the impetuosity of the surf is increased to its utmost heights, they choose that time for this amusement: twenty or thirty of the natives, taking each a long narrow board, rounded at the ends, set out together from the shore. The first wave they meet, they plunge under, and suffering it to roll over them, rise again beyond it, and make the best of their way, by swimming, out into the sea. The second wave is encountered in the same manner with the first; the great difficulty consisting in seizing the proper moment of diving under it, which, if missed, the person is caught by the surf, and driven back again with great violence; and all his dexterity is then required to prevent himself from being dashed against the rocks. As soon as they have gained, by these repeated efforts, the smooth water beyond the surf, they lay themselves at length on their board, and prepare for their return. […]

Those who succeed in their object of reaching the shore, have still the greatest danger to encounter. The coast being guarded by a chain of rocks, with, here and there, a small opening between them, they are obliged to steer their board through one of these, or, in case of failure, to quit it, before they reach the rocks, and, plunging under the wave, make the best of their way back again.

This is reckoned very disgraceful, and is also attended with the loss of the board, which I have often seen, with great terror, dashed to pieces, at the very moment the islander quitted it.

The boldness and address, with which we saw them perform these difficult and dangerous maneuvers, was altogether astonishing, and is scarcely to be credited.”

Big Wednesday is a 1978 American coming of age film directed by John Milius. Written by Milius and Dennis Aaberg, it is loosely based on their own experiences at Malibu. The picture stars Jan-Michael Vincent, William Katt, and Gary Busey as California surfers facing life and the Vietnam War against the backdrop of their love of surfing.

Raised in Southern California, Milius made Big Wednesday as an homage to the time he spent in Malibu during his youth. Milius and his friends George Lucas and Steven Spielberg famously agreed to exchange a percentage point of Big Wednesday, Star Wars and Close Encounters of the Third Kind prior to the release of the three films throughout 1977-1978. Spielberg in particular was certain that Big Wednesday was going to be a box office hit, opining it was like “American Graffiti meets Jaws“, two of the decade’s most successful films.[2]

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Oakley Inc.: dalle piste della California ad azienda leader nel settore

Oakley_logo_1

Oakley Inc., situata a Foothill Ranch (in California), produce occhiali da sole, visiere sportive, occhiali da sci/snowboard, orologi, abbigliamento, zaini, scarpe, montature e altri accessori. La maggior parte degli articoli sono progettati in casa presso la loro sede, ma alcuni paesi detengono disegni esclusivi rilevanti per il loro mercato. Oakley attualmente detiene oltre 600 brevetti per occhiali, materiali e attrezzi performance.

Oakley fu fondata da James Jannard nel 1975 nel suo garage con un investimento iniziale di $ 300. Il nome “Oakley” è venuto dal cane di Jannard, un Setter Inglese. Jannard ha iniziato vendendo quello che lui chiamava ‘The Oakley Grip’ dal retro della sua auto alle gare di motocross. Le sue manopole da moto erano differenti dalle altre disponibili al momento, poiché utilizzavano un materiale brevettato noto come ‘Unobtanium’, una creazione di Jannard. Il materiale viene ancora usato per fare gli earsocks sugli occhiali Oakley e i naselli. Oakley ha continuato a produrre guanti, manopole, gomitiere e occhiali per la BMX.

I primi occhiali da sole Oakley furono i Factory Pilot Eyeshades. Successivamente si aggiunsero gli Oakley Frogskin, uno stile di occhiali da sole casual, che al momento sono gli occhiali del brand più venduti ed apprezzati.

Oakley ad oggi è uno dei Brand più apprezzati e diffusi al mondo, lo si può definire un colosso a livello mondiale  di vendita di occhiali da sole in tutto il globo.

Gli occhiali da sole Oakley sono anche usati da alcuni dai maggiori personaggi sportivi del momento tra cui Valentino Rossi e Marc Marquez per citare la Moto GP e Fernando Alonso e Sebastian Vettel invece per citare la Formula 1, infatti la Oakley ha lanciato varie linee di occhiali ispirati a questi grandi personaggi e ai loro rispettivi sport.

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rip curl surf style

rip curl surf style is a The year: 1969. A man called Armstrong is about to walk on the moon. In Australia, surfing is at a curious stage of its development. The “short board revolution” of 1967 has created a frenzy of experimentation in surfboard design and surfing technique. In the cool climate of Victoria, sanity prevails in design and technique, if not in the temperaments of the surfers. The cold, always a great leveller, has created a hardy breed of surfer who has no time for the hoopla and hype of the glitter beach capitals of the world. And by 1969 these like-minded souls have begun to gravitate towards the equally no-frills seaside town of Torquay, just a couple of kilometres away from Bells Beach, home of some of the most challenging waves in Australia. And it is into this environment that Doug “Claw” Warbrick and Brian “Sing Ding” Singer decide to pitch their fledgling surf company, Rip Curl. And yes, it will be called Rip Curl. Rip Curl Surfboards did well in a highly competitive market which had opened up in response to the revolution in design. Pioneers like Gordon Woods and Barry Bennett in Sydney and George Rice in Victoria had been joined by hundreds of wide-eyed hopefuls operating, like Rip Curl, out of garages and tool sheds.In many cases enthusiasm and innovation overshadowed technical expertise and quality, but Rip Curl concentrated on producing a small number of functional surfcraft for local waves. In 1970, however, Warbrick and Singer made the decision which changes forever the nature of their fledgling company. Looking at the essential needs of their fellow surfers in cold-water Victoria, they see that one – a board to ride – is being serviced by too many companies, while the other – a wetsuit to keep out the cold – is being serviced by only two, one of whom makes wetsuits for divers and has only a marginal commercial interest in surfing. Rip Curl took over an old house in Torquay and the partners made a small investment in a pre-World War II sewing machine. They put together a crew of locals and went into production, cutting out the rubber on the floor and handing the pieces to an over-worked and underpaid machinist. By today’s standards, the prototype Rip Curl wetsuits were primitive, but they differed from others on the market in that they evolved through interaction with surfers. The people who ran the company were – and still are – the test pilots. There can be no more direct line of communication… A couple of odd figures arguing in a garage… Two young men, and hardy souls at that, because it is the dead of winter in a cold part of the country, but they are both wearing thongs – good old Aussie flip flops – although one of them has made a concession to the climate by wearing thick football socks with the rubber. They call themselves “Sing Ding” and “Claw”, and surrounding them are foam surfboard blanks and tins of nasty chemicals. It is not a safe environment and if tempers flare any more the whole lot might go up in flames. “Well,” says the young man with gingery hair and a moustache (“Sing Ding”): “I reckon it’s a bloody stupid name, but I’ll run it past my kids and see what they think.” The other man (“Claw”) jumps up and down on the spot like a demented jack-in-the-box, screaming: “It’s a great name! You rip the curl! Get it? The grommets will love it!” Continua a leggere rip curl surf style

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surfboard is a sport and lifestyle

surfboard  is a sport and lifestyle. The first historical source is contained in the diary of Captain James Cook ( discoverer of Hawaii ) : describes the exploits of the Polynesians, who at the turn of the waves at edge of surf rudimentary wood were described as people who experienced an immense joy in being carried away by the waves. The first rudimentary tables were usually built by tying together three trunks cables bent upward at the bow . The explorer James Edward wrote in 1835 in Guinea finding that ” we could watch the boys who swam in the sea, with the plates read below the belly. Were waiting for a wave , and then drag to the left bank of standing up on it as if it were a cloud. was said , however, that the sharks occasionally sbalzassero from behind the rocks and inghiottissero them ” [3] Bandit era of colonization of the Calvinist missionaries , because of the nudity exposed by the Polynesians of the time, surfing was taken up with interest in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries . A fundamental contribution to the spread of the surf from Hawaii to the rest of the world was the Hawaiian Duke Kahanamoku , who, future champion swimmer discovered by a talent scout , who won the gold medal at the Olympics in Stockholm and those of Antwerp 1920 in the course of his travels brought surfing competitions on the U.S. coast and Australia . The maximum spread of surfing has taken place in the sixties and seventies, when the waves were surfed on boards rather large ( longboard ) . A significant breakthrough was the invention of the shortboard date ( tablet ) , of smaller size and with three fins ( thruster ) . Since the mid- eighties to the present day technology has evolved particularly in terms of speed and looking for manovree Airlines ( aerials ) . One of the most famous in the surfing world was Greg Noll, “Da Bull ,” which became famous in the late ’50s and ’60s.

The surfer who has won more titles and competitions of all is Kelly Slater , which in 2011 signed for the eleventh time winning the world championship professional at the age of 39 years .